Download A Grammar of Aspect: Usage and Meaning in the Russian Verb by J. Forsyth PDF
By J. Forsyth
This e-book was once initially released in 1970. point - the connection among imperfective and perfective verbs - has continually been one of many good points of Russian grammar that English-speaking scholars locate quite tricky. It has actually frequently seemed to be an insoluble secret, mostly a result of frequency of exceptions to the acknowledged principles. Mr Forsyth means that this can be the fault of the foundations, and that the problems within the method of realizing the functioning of point stem mainly from the defective foundation of the conventional definitions. The operation of imperfective and perfective are tested in all sorts of the verb together with the crucial, infinitive, participles and gerunds, and their utilization is abundantly illustrated through examples from Russian. the purpose is to offer a complete photograph of point within the Russian language as a way to be of functional curiosity to complex scholars of Russian, and likewise contributed to the theoretical examine of point as a grammatical class.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Aspect: Usage and Meaning in the Russian Verb
A series of completed actions), or an action in process of its performance (and in this sense 'uncompleted'). None of these 'meanings' can be isolated as the essential meaning inherent in 'wrote', nor can this assortment of meanings yield any common factor more specific than location of the action in past time-this is the only grammatical meaning which is inherent in a simple past form. The 'meanings' of repetition and continuation are secondary and incidental, and are associated with 'wrote' only in particular contexts.
5 below. Maslov, 1959: 176--7; lsaCenko, 1962: 362. 3 ASPECTUAL PAIRS Although the majority of Russian verbs can be grouped in aspectual pairs, a considerable number cannot. g. (eTb 'look', Jle)l(aTb 'lie', Haxo,ruIT:&ca 'be located', O)l(H,ll;aTb 'expect', pa3roBapHBaT:& 'converse', cymecTBOBaT:& 'exist', y11acTBOBaT:& 'participate' etc. Most of these denote states, some of which, it could be argued, are by their nature scarcely capable of expression by perfectives as total events. g. noJJe)l(aT:&, npocymecToBaT:&, but these cannot be considered as 'plain' perfectives, synonymous in everything but aspect with the imperfectives.
G. l;liT:&1 B11yBCTBO 'come to one's senses'. That these verbs lack imperfective partners is simply a matter of usage. To the isolated unpaired perfectives listed above must be added a considerable number of procedural perfectives which are closely associated with imperfectives but cannot be paired with them (cf. 2). g. l;:HTL 'give birth', po,ruIT:&ca 'be born', and 6e)l(aTb in the meaning 'flee, escape'. g. BeneTbx. g. B,npyr OH BenenP 0Txp:b1Tb or6HL 'Suddenly he gave the command to open fire'; Kaxc,nbtii: ,neHb OH BeJieJii' 'IT06bI om!