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Download Antarctica by David Day PDF

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By David Day

For hundreds of years it was once suspected that there has to be an undiscovered continent within the southern hemisphere, yet explorers didn't locate one. On his moment voyage to the Pacific, Captain prepare dinner sailed extra south than any of his opponents yet nonetheless did not sight land. He needed to be content material with claiming sub-Antarctic islands for England's King George. It used to be no longer until eventually 1820 that the continent's frozen coast used to be ultimately sighted. Territorial competition intensified within the 1840s while British, American, and French expeditions sailed south to chart extra parts of the continent that had emerge as known as Antarctica. For the subsequent centuries, the race to say particular ownership of Antarctica has gripped the mind's eye of the area. Antarctica: A Biography is the 1st ever significant overseas heritage of this forbidding continent--from the eighteenth century voyages of discovery to the explorers of the early 20th century, down to the fierce rivalries of this day, as governments, scientists, environmentalists, and oil businesses compete for regulate. On one point it's the tale of explorers scuffling with the weather within the such a lot antagonistic position on the earth as they attempt for private triumph, advertisement achieve, and nationwide glory. On a deeper point, it's the tale of countries looking to include the antarctic into their very own nationwide stories--and to assert its frozen wastes as their very own.

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Example text

It was then that he made his second landing, this time on Clarence Island, where he performed another claiming ceremony and erected the usual board with the Union Jack. Smith was not going to be outdone by his naval companion and took the opportunity of going ashore on another small island, which he named Seal Island. It was so crowded with seals that he quickly killed more than 300, all the while desperately trying to keep marauding gulls from spoiling their valuable furs. In the end, Smith only managed to get ninety of the skins away in his small boat, 28 ANTARCTICA while the rest of the valuable carcasses were left to the depredations of the birds or to be sucked away by the tide.

Like so many other explorers searching for the southern continent, Weddell found only sea. Further and further south the two ships went, until, on 20 February 1823, Weddell reached latitude 74° S and longitude 34° W. This was more than 320 kilometres further south than Cook or any other navigator had managed to reach, and Weddell had not been blocked by the ice that he had expected to find, and which he had found much further north around the South Shetlands. 12 Weddell never realised that only good fortune had permitted his success.

It was then that he made his second landing, this time on Clarence Island, where he performed another claiming ceremony and erected the usual board with the Union Jack. Smith was not going to be outdone by his naval companion and took the opportunity of going ashore on another small island, which he named Seal Island. It was so crowded with seals that he quickly killed more than 300, all the while desperately trying to keep marauding gulls from spoiling their valuable furs. In the end, Smith only managed to get ninety of the skins away in his small boat, 28 ANTARCTICA while the rest of the valuable carcasses were left to the depredations of the birds or to be sucked away by the tide.

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