Download Architectural Glass to Resist Seismic and Extreme Climatic by Richard A. Behr PDF
By Richard A. Behr
Glass is more and more getting used as a structural fabric in new constructions. The structural envelope may possibly consist both completely or in part of glass, and this development to eschew conventional fabrics resembling brick and urban for steel-framed, glass clad structures offers inherent difficulties. an enormous factor is the functionality of glazing in the course of earthquakes and severe climatic occasions, similar to windstorms and heavy snow a lot. This authoritative booklet stories the present state-of-the artwork in glass and glazing know-how to withstand failure as a result of those traditional occasions.
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Additional resources for Architectural Glass to Resist Seismic and Extreme Climatic Events
2 Glazing and curtain wall systems to resist earthquakes A . M . M E M A R I , The Pennsylvania State University, USA and T. A. S C H W A R T Z , Simpson Gumpertz & Heger, USA Abstract: This chapter reviews lessons learned from the seismic response of glass in windows, storefronts, and curtain walls in actual earthquakes, as well as in laboratory experimental studies involving in-plane cyclic racking tests. g. drift that causes glass cracking) are discussed. The authors also discuss methods to mitigate architectural glass damage during earthquakes, including the use of sufﬁcient glass-to-frame clearance, fully tempered and/or laminated glass, structural silicone glazing (SSG), adhered and anchored safety ﬁlms, and rounded corner glass.
All IG units consisted of an annealed pane, which was the interior (inboard) pane, and a laminated exterior (outboard) pane with an argon ﬁll and an anodized aluminum spacer between the panes. e. AN, HS, and FT), and PVB interlayer thickness. , 2003) reports the average drift values at the ﬁrst occurrence of glass cracking in each IG unit pane, glass fallout from the monolithic pane, and pullout and fallout of the entire glass unit for each conﬁguration, along with damage to the aluminum framing.
8 Typical glass-to-frame clearance. the frame, and, therefore, likely be damaged and break. Bending curvature of the mullions across the spandrel line may also break spandrel glass. Some CWs are stick built, meaning the glazing frames are assembled in place from individual members that are anchored to the structural system at each ﬂoor level. An alternative system is called unitized, consisting of generally pre-glazed, pre-assembled subframes that are erected into a mullion framing system. Glazing and curtain wall systems to resist earthquakes 35 The glass lites inﬁlling the curtain wall frames may be annealed (AN), heat-strengthened (HS), or fully tempered (FT), and can be monolithic, or combined to form laminated and insulating glass (IG) units.