Download Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Prolog by Yoav Shoham PDF
By Yoav Shoham
Synthetic Intelligence thoughts in Prolog
Read or Download Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Prolog PDF
Best intelligence & semantics books
A bankruptcy from
M. J. Wooldridge and M. Veloso (Eds. ) - synthetic Intelligence this present day, Springer-Verlag, 1999 (LNAI 1600) (pp. 13-41)
This e-book presents a concept, a proper language, and a realistic technique for the specification, use, and reuse of problem-solving tools. The framework constructed via the writer characterizes knowledge-based platforms as a specific kind of software program structure the place the functions are constructed by way of integrating everyday activity requirements, challenge fixing equipment, and area types: this procedure turns wisdom engineering right into a software program engineering self-discipline.
This ebook is a continuation of our earlier books on multimedia companies in clever environments [1-4]. It contains fourteen chapters on built-in multimedia platforms and companies masking a number of elements akin to geographical info structures, recommenders, interactive leisure, e-learning, scientific prognosis, telemonitoring, realization administration, e-welfare and brain-computer interfaces.
Adaptive platforms are commonly encountered in lots of purposes ranging via adaptive filtering and extra in general adaptive sign processing, platforms id and adaptive keep an eye on, to trend popularity and computer intelligence: variation is now known as keystone of "intelligence" inside of computerised structures.
- Formal Ontology in Information Systems: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference FOIS 2006
- ICT Innovations for Sustainability
- Handbook of Research on Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments: Trends and Perspectives
- New Contributions in Information Systems and Technologies: Volume 2
- The Design of Requirements Modelling Languages: How to Make Formalisms for Problem Solving in Requirements Engineering
- Neural networks in chemistry and drug design
Extra info for Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Prolog
For example, in a route-finding application, the metric distance between the current location and the destination might serve as a reasonable estimation function (even though in fact we might have to make detours to avoid obstacles). 7. 9: Length of the p a t h is straightforward. The following program assumes an application-dependent predicate h(Node, Hval). % A* search astar( Start, GoalPred, Sol ) :- best_first_search( Start, astarJun, GoalPred, Sol ). astar_fun( [Node | Path], Fval ) :length( Path, Gval ), h( Node, Hval ), Fval is Gval+Hval.
And-or trees can also be viewed as ordered, and searched in various ways. ) Search of general graphs is slightly complicated by the need to avoid repeated exploration of the same node. 1. Again, the numbers by the nodes indicate the order of exploration. Depth-first search can be implemented very efficiently. The time complexity of the search can be kept linear in the total number of arcs in the graph, and the space complexity linear in the length of the longest p a t h in the graph. The efficient implementation uses a stack, or a last-in first-out d a t a structure: The program keeps a stack of the p a t h uncovered so far, and extends it by pushing new elements onto it.
This is an unrealistic assumption in all but the most trivial applications. Rewrite the programs so that they dynamically decide for each node whether to expand it, or instead to apply a given heuristic function to it and not expand the search further along that path. Examples of criteria for not expanding a node: (a) it is deeper than some given threshold, (b) its heuristic value is extremely high or low. 8 The implementation of α-β search given in the text scans the tree from left to right. Other search orders are possible, sometimes yielding greater pruning.