Environmental Studies

Download Biodiversity in Environmental Assessment: Enhancing by Roel Slootweg, Asha Rajvanshi, Vinod B. Mathur, Arend PDF

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By Roel Slootweg, Asha Rajvanshi, Vinod B. Mathur, Arend Kolhoff

Human triggered improvement actions are brought with inadequate awareness to their outcomes for our residing atmosphere, even in instances the place environmental exams were performed. This obvious loss of awareness to biodiversity in environmental review is rooted within the problems we have now in appropriately addressing biodiversity in the scope, timeframe and price range allotted for checks. This e-book presents a conceptual heritage and useful methods to beat those problems. It integrates the ambitions of the conference on organic variety, its surroundings method, and the conceptual framework of the Millennium atmosphere overview right into a complete method of biodiversity in environmental evaluate. It highlights the necessity to give some thought to the price of biodiversity in keeping with its use by way of every one stakeholder, addresses the significance of either social and financial improvement to arrive the Millennium improvement objectives, and offers insights into how you can stability current and destiny wishes.

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Extra resources for Biodiversity in Environmental Assessment: Enhancing Ecosystem Services for Human Well-Being (Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation)

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Countries that have signed the CBD (called ‘parties’ in convention terminology) are required to implement policies to protect biodiversity 20 · Roel Slootweg at the three distinguished levels, and monitor the components of biological diversity listed below, paying particular attention to those requiring urgent conservation measures and those which offer the greatest potential for sustainable use (CBD, 1992: annex 1): (1) Ecosystems and habitats: containing high diversity, large numbers of endemic or threatened species, or wilderness; required by migratory species; of social, economic, cultural, or scientific importance; or, which are representative, unique, or associated with key evolutionary or other biological processes; (2) Species and communities which are: threatened; wild relatives of domesticated or cultivated species; of medicinal, agricultural, or other economic value; or social, scientific, or cultural importance; or importance for research into the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, such as indicator species; and (3) Described genomes and genes of social, scientific, or economic importance.

Apart from the wellknown, more general principles on public participation, sharing of information, transparency in decision making, and use of local knowledge, the guidelines provide detailed guidance on the application of the Precautionary Principle. Some excerpts from the document follow. Be explicit: When decisions are made in situations of uncertainty, it is important to be explicit about the uncertainty that is being responded to, and to be explicit that precautionary measures are being taken.

Principle 2 on subsidiarity can be related to the so-called tiering in environmental assessment, where central government develops policies, plans, and programmes subject to SEA, while lower government and private sector proponents perform project-level environmental and social impact assessments. It is in the interest of the project proponents that a mechanism for planning and SEA is in place in order to clearly define accountabilities. Many impacts can be managed at the lowest level, that is, by a proponent itself, but other impacts that either result from or require higher-level involvement are beyond the management responsibility of a proponent.

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