Download Constituent Questions: The Syntax and Semantics of Questions by Elisabet Engdahl (auth.) PDF
By Elisabet Engdahl (auth.)
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Extra resources for Constituent Questions: The Syntax and Semantics of Questions with Special Reference to Swedish
From the point of view of devising a grammar that could be employed in parsing, we could probably write a context-free grammar for ordinary Swedish, allowing for two, possibly three gaps. But if all that matters is parsability and what constructions are used in the language, then we could equally well argue ~hat the most appropriate grammar for Swedish is a finite state grammar, since the facility for unlimited recursion is never used. 8 A linguistic grammar, on the other hand, focusses on what structures are generable in the language, not on what structures are actually used.
23 Peters and Ritchie suggest, as a reasonable first approximation, that dislocated positions in English are always leftmost siblings of an S node. This will account for topicalization, matrix constituent questions, tensed embedded questions and tensed relative clauses. However, it does not automatically cover the dislocated positions which are linked to gaps inside infinitival clauses as in the case of infinitival relatives and infinitival questions, illustrated in (47a and b). to read ,. (47) a.
Gazdar's original idea was that such dependencies, which according to several linguists required movement and/or deletion transformations, can be handled by encoding both the information that there RECENT APPROACHES TO UNBOUNDED DEPENDENCIES 21 is a constituent missing and the relevant information about this constituent in the syntactic categories which lie on the projection path from the gap to the filler. 6 This is precisely what the feature SLASH does. In GPSG, sentences with unbounded dependencies are admitted by phrase-structure rules of the form given by the rule schema in (10).