Download Growth Management and Affordable Housing: Do They Conflict? by Anthony Downs PDF
By Anthony Downs
Advocates of development administration and shrewdpermanent progress frequently suggest guidelines that bring up housing costs, thereby making housing much less reasonable to many families attempting to purchase or hire houses. Such rules comprise city development obstacles, zoning regulations on multi-family housing, software district traces, construction let caps, or even building moratoria. Does this suggest there's an inherent clash among progress administration and clever progress at the one hand, and growing cheaper housing at the different? Or can development administration and clever progress advertise guidelines that aid raise the availability of reasonable housing? those concerns are serious to the way forward for cheap housing simply because such a lot of neighborhood groups are adopting a variety of types of progress administration or clever progress in line with growth-related difficulties. these difficulties contain emerging traffic jam, the absorption of open house by way of new subdivisions, and better taxes to pay for brand spanking new infrastructures. This e-book explores the connection among progress administration and shrewdpermanent progress and cheap housing extensive. It attracts from fabric awarded at a symposium on those topics held on the Brookings establishment in could 2003, subsidized by way of the U.S. division of Housing and concrete improvement, the nationwide organization of Realtors, and the Fannie Mae starting place. individuals search to notify the talk and supply a few necessary solutions to aid the country accommodate the curtailment of progress in city and suburban domain names whereas nonetheless making sure a offer of cheap housing. individuals contain Karen Destorel Brown (Brookings), Robert Burchell, (Rutgers University), Daniel Carlson (University of Washington), David L. Crawford (Econsult Corporation), Anthony Downs (Brookings), Ingrid Gould Ellen (New York University), William Fischel (Dartmouth College), George C. Galster (Wayne kingdom University), Jill Khadduri (Abt Associates), Gerrit J. Knaap (University of Maryland), Robert Lang (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and country University), Shishir Mathur (University of Washington), Arthur C. Nelson (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and nation University), Rolf Pendall (Cornell University), Douglas R. Porter, (Growth administration Institute), Michael Pyatok (University of Washington), Michael Schill (New York college tuition of Law), Samuel R. Staley (Reason Public coverage Institute), Richard P. Voith (Econsult Corporation).
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Advocates of progress administration and shrewdpermanent development usually suggest regulations that elevate housing costs, thereby making housing much less reasonable to many families attempting to purchase or hire houses. Such regulations contain city progress obstacles, zoning regulations on multi-family housing, software district strains, construction allow caps, or even development moratoria.
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Additional info for Growth Management and Affordable Housing: Do They Conflict? (James A. Johnson Metro)
King County: Percent of Renter Households Paying More than 30 Percent of Income for Housing Percent 90 1989 83 84 80 1999 73 70 67 60 50 42 40 39 40 33 31 30 20 20 10 17 18 3 3 0–30 31–50 51–80 81–100 101–20 ≥ 121 Income group as percent of median income Overall 80 percent of median income decreased over the last decade. The affordability of rental housing did not decrease by the same magnitude; it has stayed about the same for households earning below 80 percent of median income, except those in the 51 to 80 percent below median income group, for whom the affordability of both owner-occupied and rental housing decreased.
The rent-toincome ratio is the ratio of percent change in median gross rent to the percent change in median household income. A ratio above 1 indicates reduced affordability; a ratio below 1 indicates increased affordability. For example, if from 1990 to 2000 the median gross rent increased from $500 to $1,000 (a 100 percent increase) and the median household income increased from $50,000 to $75,000 (a 50 percent increase), then the rent-to-income ratio would be 100/50, or 2. This means that median gross rent rose twice as much as median household income, reducing the affordability of housing.
The metropolitan region of the county is the Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA) in which the county is situated, as demarcated in the 2000 census. owner-occupied and rental housing and compares them with the changes in the median household income of the metropolitan area. The metropolitan area data give a more complete picture of households that may seek housing than that provided by the wealthiest counties. It also recognizes that metropolitan regions are dynamic, with residents making location decisions among many cities and counties.