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By Jay David Atlas
This clean examine the philosophy of language makes a speciality of the interface among a idea of literal that means and pragmatics--a philosophical exam of the connection among which means and language use and its contexts. right here, Atlas develops the distinction among verbal ambiguity and verbal generality, works out an in depth conception of conversational inference utilizing the paintings of Paul Grice on Implicature as a place to begin, and offers an account in their interface to illustrate of the connection among Chomsky's Internalist Semantics and Language functionality. Atlas then discusses results of his concept of the Interface for the excellence among metaphorical and literal language, for Grice's account of that means, for the Analytic/Synthetic contrast, for which means Holism, and for Formal Semantics of ordinary Language. This publication makes a tremendous contribution to the philosophy of language and may attract philosophers, linguists, and cognitive scientists.
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This clean examine the philosophy of language makes a speciality of the interface among a conception of literal which means and pragmatics--a philosophical exam of the connection among that means and language use and its contexts. the following, Atlas develops the distinction among verbal ambiguity and verbal generality, works out an in depth thought of conversational inference utilizing the paintings of Paul Grice on Implicature as a place to begin, and provides an account in their interface for instance of the connection among Chomsky's Internalist Semantics and Language functionality.
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Additional resources for Logic, Meaning, and Conversation: Semantical Underdeterminacy, Implicature, and Their Interface
A sketch of just such an explanation of reliable and hermeneutic utteranceinterpretation was given in Atlas (1979, 1984a, 1989), where semantically nonspecific, nonpropositional (hence non-truth-value-bearing) semantic representations of sentences are arguments of inferential mental relations whose co-domains are thoughts—for example, a speaker in asserting the sentence ‘I had a drink’ generally conversationally implicates (Grice 1975a) the sentence ‘I had an alcoholic drink’, which is notated by: “I had a drink” » I had an alcoholic drink.
The problem is, Why is this special to metaphor? In the sentence ‘The cold bites shrewdly’, ‘bites shrewdly’ is true of the cold. It is then possible to explain the figurative application of ‘bites shrewdly’ to the air. Suppose we antecedently know ‘The cold bites shrewdly’. We read or hear the sentence ‘The air bites shrewdly’. To understand the appropriateness of such an utterance, we construct this argument: if anything cold bites shrewdly, and the air is cold, it follows that the air bites shrewdly.
Would one say, It’s spring here, and there are lots of blue butterflies around today? It is not unfair to take Gass and Valéry to claim that paraphrase or translation of poetic language into prose language is impossible because any change of wording or grammar changes the sound and so alters whatever relation between sound and sense obtains in a poetic line. But then it is equally impossible to “translate,” in the sense of preserving those linguistic features of the phrase, ordinary prose into different ordinary prose.