Download Regional Knowledge Economies: Markets, Clusters and by Philip Cooke PDF
By Philip Cooke
This unique and well timed ebook offers the main finished, empirically established research of clustering dynamics within the high-technology area throughout liberal and co-ordinated industry economies. via rigorously exploring and evaluating ICT and biotechnology within the united kingdom and Austria, the authors locate facts that innovation features can conquer a number of the intended constraints of such 'varieties of capitalism' and themselves bring in regulatory reforms. in addition they supply a primary exam of the ways that businesses make the most of wisdom spillovers in such settings. additionally, the e-book highlights the practices of 'free-riders' and the surplus land rents they and extra collaborative organisations undergo as 'diseconomies of agglomeration'. eventually, bobbing up from those findings, the authors current a brand new post-sectoral, post-cluster coverage technique referred to as 'Innovative Platform coverage' which they think is extra attuned to the dynamics of the data economic system. This ebook might be of serious curiosity to teachers, specifically neighborhood and commercial economists, fiscal geographers, local scientists, political scientists and financial sociologists. it is going to additionally attract scholars and researchers, in addition to executive officers in undefined, alternate and financial improvement at nationwide and neighborhood degrees.
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Additional resources for Regional Knowledge Economies: Markets, Clusters and Innovation (New Horizons in Regional Science)
This in turn gives rise to disparities in competences, productivity, incomes and career opportunities. , 1999; Simmie, 2003). Geographical proximity seems to be a means to achieving many of the other kinds of proximity. Thus while the expectation of a death of distance or end of geography was wrong in respect of the idea of ubiquitous access to the full range of production and other factors over space, it was correct in postulating globally networked information ﬂows. This rests on the observation that globalization proceeds through networks linking nodes of economic power, mainly cities.
On most other performance indicators, such as valueadded, export value, unemployment rates and, even, demographics, small ﬁrm districts outperformed large enterprises by a factor of at least two to one. Despite the important insight regarding the practical and conceptual content between tacit (implicit) and codiﬁed (explicit) knowledge, these authors badly mix up ‘information’ and ‘knowledge’ as if they were identical, a problem by no means conﬁned to them. In this book we will generally refer to ‘knowledge’ in relation to ‘information’ according to the following: information is a passive resource given meaning by the application of knowledge, which facilitates action.
Whitley, R. ) (2002), Competing Capitalisms: Institutions & Economies, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar. , Bassecoulard, E. and Laville, F. (2003), ‘Potential science-technology spillovers in regions: an insight on geographical co-location activities in the EU’, Scientometrics, 57, 295–320. 2. The emergent knowledge economy: concepts and evidence This chapter ﬁrst deals with the questions of what the knowledge economy is, how we can understand it, and how the process of knowledge generation and application works.