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Download The History of Physics in Cuba by Angelo Baracca, Jürgen Renn, Helge Wendt (eds.) PDF

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By Angelo Baracca, Jürgen Renn, Helge Wendt (eds.)

This e-book brings jointly a wide spectrum of authors, either from inside of and from outdoor Cuba, who describe the improvement of Cuba's clinical procedure from the colonial interval to the current. it's a distinctive documentation of the self-organizing energy of a neighborhood clinical group engaged in clinical examine on a global point. the 1st half contains numerous contributions that reconstruct different levels of the historical past of physics in Cuba, from its beginnings within the past due colonial period to the current. the second one half includes tales of Cuban physicists, who provide full of life insights from the viewpoint of the actors themselves. The 3rd half provides a sequence of tales via overseas physicists, a few of whom have been at once concerned about constructing Cuban physics, particularly within the improvement of educating and learn actions within the early years of the Escuela de Física. The fourth a part of the amount bargains with a number of the matters surrounding the publishing of medical learn in Cuba.

Cuba’s contemporary historical past and present state of affairs are very debatable matters. Little is understood in regards to the improvement and standing of upper schooling and medical learn at the island. despite the fact that, Cuba has one of many maximum proportions on the planet of individuals with a college measure or doctorate and is understood for its hugely built scientific approach. This ebook makes a speciality of a entire assessment of the heritage of the improvement of 1 particular clinical self-discipline: physics in Cuba. It strains the evolution of a sophisticated examine approach in a constructing kingdom and exhibits a outstanding capability to hyperlink the advance of contemporary examine with the concrete wishes of the rustic and its inhabitants. a bit identified element is the lively participation of numerous “western” physicists and technicians in the course of the Nineteen Sixties, the function of summer season colleges, equipped via French, Italian, and different western physicists, in addition to the lively collaboration with eu universities.

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The History of Physics in Cuba

This ebook brings jointly a vast spectrum of authors, either from within and from outdoors Cuba, who describe the advance of Cuba's medical approach from the colonial interval to the current. it's a exact documentation of the self-organizing strength of a neighborhood clinical group engaged in medical learn on a world point.

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The entire military defense system was reinforced in order to prevent an invasion as in 1762, when the British navy could have taken quite easily the harbor of Havana and occupied the town. Besides the buildings and the armaments the geographical knowledge of the Cuban island and the surrounding waters were improved, for instance by the cartography project of José de Valcourt undertook between 1821 and 1830. The map was the basis to build further defense fortification at the rim of the island as well as on surrounding islands (Nadal 1989, 329–356).

Fernández Prieto 2005). In 1878 the researcher and physician Carlos J. Finlay (1833–1915) formulated the “theory of the mosquito” as carrier of yellow fever, coming up against the opposition of doctors internationally and in the United States (with highly unedifying outcomes, as we shall see later on). Carlos de la Torre (1858–1950) made important paleontological discoveries. In light of these scientific developments, in 1861 Queen Isabella II finally authorized the founding of the Real Academia de Ciencias Médicas, Físicas y Naturales de La Habana (The Royal Academy of Medical, Physical and Natural Sciences of Havana) (Pruna Goodgall 1994, 2001, 2003, 2006), which had in vain been proposed as early as 1826 by a series of scholars led by Tomás Romay and Nicolás José Gutiérrez (1800–1890) as we have already noted.

In 1904 the Monroe Doctrine was reaffirmed and the “Roosevelt Corollary” was added, sanctioning the right of the United States to intervene militarily to restore order in the countries of the western hemisphere. On January 1st 1899, the US occupation of Cuba officially began with General John Brooke (1838–1926); the peace treaty of Paris (December 10, 1898) between the USA and Spain excluded Cuban (as well as Philippine) representatives. The island was thus dominated by a neo-colonial regime, which had a profound influence on internal social developments.

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